Порошок агар-агара is a versatile ingredient that has been used in a variety of ways throughout history. This jelly-like substance is made up of polysaccharides that are extracted from the cell walls of certain species of red algae. The primary sources of agar agar are ogonori and "tengusa" algae.
Agar is composed of two components: agarose, which is a linear polysaccharide, and agaropectin, which is a mixture of smaller molecules. These components provide agar with its unique properties, including its ability to form a solid substrate for microbiological work and its usefulness as a vegan substitute for gelatin.
In addition to its use in microbiology, agar agar powder has been used in cooking and food preparation for centuries. It is commonly used as a thickener for soups and sauces, and as an ingredient in fruit preserves, ice cream, and other desserts. Agar is also used as a clarifying agent in brewing, and for sizing paper and fabrics.
One of the most interesting uses of agar is as a laxative and appetite suppressant. Because agar is not digested by the body, it can pass through the digestive system intact, helping to promote regularity and reduce appetite.
Overall, agar agar powder is a versatile ingredient that has a wide range of applications in both the culinary and scientific worlds. Its unique properties make it a valuable tool for microbiologists and a useful ingredient for chefs and home cooks alike.