Glucono-1,5-Lactone or GdL is a neutral cyclic ester of gluconic acid, produced with the acid by fermentation of glucose. It is separated from the acid by crystallisation.
GdL is a fine, white crystalline powder, freely soluble in water. It is practically odourless and has a slightly sweet taste. Non toxic, it is completely metabolised in the body like a carbohydrate.
When added into an aqueous solution, GdL rapidly dissolves, and subsequently slowly hydrolyses to gluconic acid, thus producing a gentle acidification in the same way as lactic acid-producing bacteria. In solution both gluconic acid and GdL are always in balance. The equivalent point and the rate of transformation are related to concentration, temperature and pH-value.
Two properties set GdL apart from other common acids and are the base of its application range:
- Through its slow hydrolysis to gluconic acid, it ensures a progressive and continuous decrease of pH to equilibrium. So it is used as a slow release acidifier.
- During its hydrolysis, the initial sweet taste of GdL becomes only slightly acidic, making the final flavour of an aqueous solution of GdL much less tart than the one of other acidifiers.
Glucono-Delta-Lactone E575 can used as sequestrant, acidifier, curing, pickling, leavening agent and preservatives in food such as coagulant in tofu/soy products, sausage, salami, meet, baking, cheese, surimi; in seafood to keep fresh; leavening agent in baking powder to ferment; instant food, dessert, ice cream
Glucono-Delta-Lactone E575 can be used as nutritional supplement in beverage such as in Instant Drinks, Syrups, RTD Tea and Coffee, Sports and Energy Drinks, Waters
Glucono-Delta-Lactone E575 is used in treating hepatic coma, the preparation of amino acid transfusion, and used in the treatment of liver disease in pharmaceutical.
In Health and Personal care
In cosmetics and personal care products, Glucono-Delta-Lactone E575 and its derivatives may be used in the formulation of mouthwashes, bath products, cleansing products, skin care products and shampoo. Gluconolactone used as Chelating agent and Skin conditioning agent in cosmetic and personal care products.
In Agriculture/Animal Feed/Poultry
Glucono-Delta-Lactone E575 can be used as supplement in Agriculture/Animal Feed/Poultry products.
In Other Industries
Glucono-Delta-Lactone E575 can be used as Construction and Fine Chemicals